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Issue 24, 2016
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Conformational diversity and enantioconvergence in potato epoxide hydrolase 1

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Abstract

Potato epoxide hydrolase 1 (StEH1) is a biocatalytically important enzyme that exhibits rich enantio- and regioselectivity in the hydrolysis of chiral epoxide substrates. In particular, StEH1 has been demonstrated to enantioconvergently hydrolyze racemic mixes of styrene oxide (SO) to yield (R)-1-phenylethanediol. This work combines computational, crystallographic and biochemical analyses to understand both the origins of the enantioconvergent behavior of the wild-type enzyme, as well as shifts in activities and substrate binding preferences in an engineered StEH1 variant, R-C1B1, which contains four active site substitutions (W106L, L109Y, V141K and I155V). Our calculations are able to reproduce both the enantio- and regioselectivities of StEH1, and demonstrate a clear link between different substrate binding modes and the corresponding selectivity, with the preferred binding modes being shifted between the wild-type enzyme and the R-C1B1 variant. Additionally, we demonstrate that the observed changes in selectivity and the corresponding enantioconvergent behavior are due to a combination of steric and electrostatic effects that modulate both the accessibility of the different carbon atoms to the nucleophilic side chain of D105, as well as the interactions between the substrate and protein amino acid side chains and active site water molecules. Being able to computationally predict such subtle effects for different substrate enantiomers, as well as to understand their origin and how they are affected by mutations, is an important advance towards the computational design of improved biocatalysts for enantioselective synthesis.

Graphical abstract: Conformational diversity and enantioconvergence in potato epoxide hydrolase 1

  • This article is part of the themed collection: New Talent
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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jan 2016, accepted on 31 Mar 2016 and first published on 31 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6OB00060F
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2016,14, 5639-5651
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Conformational diversity and enantioconvergence in potato epoxide hydrolase 1

    P. Bauer, Å. J. Carlsson, B. A. Amrein, D. Dobritzsch, M. Widersten and S. C. L. Kamerlin, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2016, 14, 5639
    DOI: 10.1039/C6OB00060F

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