Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel FGFR inhibitors bearing an indazole scaffold†
Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) is a potential target for cancer therapy. Based on the structure of AZD4547 and NVPBGJ-398, we designed novel 1H-indazol-3-amine scaffold derivatives by utilizing scaffold hopping and molecular hybridization strategies. Consequently, twenty-eight new compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against FGFR1. Compound 7n bearing a 6-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-indazol-3-amine scaffold was first identified as a potent FGFR1 inhibitor, with good enzymatic inhibition (IC50 = 15.0 nM) and modest cellular inhibition (IC50 = 642.1 nM). The crystal structure of 7n bound to FGFR1 was obtained, which might provide a new basis for potent inhibitor design. Further structural optimization revealed that compound 7r stood out as the most potent FGFR1 inhibitor with the best enzyme inhibitory (IC50 = 2.9 nM) and cellular activity (IC50 = 40.5 nM).