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Issue 18, 2011
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Impact of planarity of unfused aromatic molecules on G-quadruplex binding: Learning from isaindigotone derivatives

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Abstract

G-quadruplex structures are a new class of attractive targets for DNA-interactive anticancer agents. The primary building block of this structure is the G-quartet, which is composed of four coplanar guanines and serves as the major binding site for small molecules. NMR studies and molecular dynamics simulations have suggested that the planarity of G-quartet surface has been highly dynamic in solution. To better investigate how the planarity of unfused aromatic ligand impacts on its quadruplex binding properties, a variety of planarity controllable isaindigotone derivatives were designed and synthesized. The interaction of G-quadruplex DNA with these designed ligands was systematically explored using a series of biophysical studies. The FRET-melting, SPR, and CD spectroscopy results showed that reducing the planarity of their unfused aromatic core resulted in their decreased binding affinity and stabilization ability for G-quadruplex. NMR studies also suggested that these compounds could stack on the G-quartet surface. Such results are in parallel with subsequent molecular modeling studies. A detailed binding energy analysis indicated that van der Waals energy (ΔEvdw) and entropy (TΔS) are responsible for their decreased quadruplex binding and stabilization effect. All these results provided insight information about how quadruplex recognition could be controlled by adjusting the planarity of ligands, which shed light on further development of unfused aromatic molecules as optimal G-quadruplex binding ligands.

Graphical abstract: Impact of planarity of unfused aromatic molecules on G-quadruplex binding: Learning from isaindigotone derivatives

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2011, accepted on 20 Jun 2011 and first published on 20 Jun 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1OB05884C
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2011,9, 6422-6436

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    Impact of planarity of unfused aromatic molecules on G-quadruplex binding: Learning from isaindigotone derivatives

    J. Hou, J. Tan, X. Wang, S. Chen, S. Huang, J. Yan, S. Chen, T. Ou, H. Luo, D. Li, L. Gu and Z. Huang, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2011, 9, 6422
    DOI: 10.1039/C1OB05884C

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