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Issue 9, 2010
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Enzymatic synthesis of oligo-d-galactofuranosides and l-arabinofuranosides: from molecular dynamics to immunological assays

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Abstract

D-Galactofuranosyl-containing conjugates are ubiquitous in many pathogenic microorganisms, but completely absent from mammals. As they may constitute interesting pharmacophores, recent works have been dedicated to their preparation. Besides well-reported chemical procedures, enzymatic approaches are still limited, mainly due to the lack of the corresponding biocatalysts. Based on the similarity between chemical structures, the arabinofuranosyl hydrolase Araf51 from Clostridium thermocellum was expected to recognize both the L-Araf motif and its D-Galf analogue. Molecular dynamics and STD-NMR were firstly used to confirm this hypothesis and increase our knowledge of the active site. Interestingly, this arabinofuranosidase was not only able to hydrolyze galactosyl derivatives, but was also really efficient in catalyzing oligomerisations using p-nitrophenyl furanosides as donors. The structures of the products obtained were determined using mass spectrometry and NMR. Amongst them, all the possible regioisomers of di-arabino and -galactofuranosides were synthesized, and the ratio of each regioisomer was easily tuned with respect to the reaction time. Especially, the galactofuranobioside displaying the biologically relevant sequence β-D-Galf-(1,6)-β-D-Galf was enzymatically prepared for the first time. All fractions going from di- to penta-arabino- and galactofuranosides were tested for their ability in eliciting the production of TNF-α. Interesting immunological properties were observed with arabinofuranosides as short as three sugar residues.

Graphical abstract: Enzymatic synthesis of oligo-d-galactofuranosides and l-arabinofuranosides: from molecular dynamics to immunological assays

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
23 Dec 2009
Accepted
15 Feb 2010
First published
11 Mar 2010

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010,8, 2092-2102
Article type
Paper

Enzymatic synthesis of oligo-D-galactofuranosides and L-arabinofuranosides: from molecular dynamics to immunological assays

I. Chlubnová, D. Filipp, V. Spiwok, H. Dvořáková, R. Daniellou, C. Nugier-Chauvin, B. Králová and V. Ferrières, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010, 8, 2092
DOI: 10.1039/B926988F

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