Elucidating the relationship between nanoparticle morphology, nuclear/magnetic texture and magnetic performance of sintered SrFe12O19 magnets†
Several M-type SrFe12O19 nanoparticle samples with different morphologies have been synthesized by different hydrothermal and sol–gel synthesis methods. Combined Rietveld refinements of neutron and X-ray powder diffraction data with a constrained structural model reveal a clear correlation between crystallite size and long-range magnetic order, which influences the macroscopic magnetic properties of the sample. The tailor-made powder samples were compacted into dense bulk magnets (>90% of the theoretical density) by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Powder diffraction as well as X-ray and neutron pole figure measurements and analyses have been carried out on the compacted specimens in order to characterize the nuclear (structural) and magnetic alignment of the crystallites within the dense magnets. The obtained results, combined with macroscopic magnetic measurements, reveal a direct influence of the nanoparticle morphology on the self-induced texture, crystallite growth during compaction and macroscopic magnetic performance. An increasing diameter-to-thickness aspect ratio of the platelet-like nanoparticles leads to increasing degree of crystallite alignment achieved by SPS. Consequently, magnetically aligned, highly dense magnets with excellent magnetic performance (30(3) kJ m−3) are obtained solely by nanostructuring means, without application of an external magnetic field before or during compaction. The demonstrated control over nanoparticle morphology and, in turn, crystal and magnetic texture is a key step on the way to designing nanostructured hexaferrite magnets with optimized performance.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Spectroscopy and scattering for chemistry