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Issue 8, 2020
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Strain modulated magnetocaloric effect in (111) oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3–SrRuO3 superlattices

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Abstract

Magnetocaloric effect in (111)-oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3–SrRuO3 (LSMO–SRO) superlattices grown with both the stacking orders by reversing the individual layer thickness on (111)-oriented SrTiO3(STO) substrates using the pulsed laser deposition technique has been studied. Pseudomorphic growth with 0.64% in-plane tensile strain in [11 unit cell (u.c.)SRO/3u.c.LSMO]×15 superlattice is favourable for a larger change in entropy (ΔSM) as compared to relaxed growth with in-plane compressive strain in [11u.c.LSMO/3u.c.SRO]×15 superlattice. The reduction of ΔSM in [11u.c.LSMO/3u.c.SRO]×15 could be due to the orientation-dependent in-phase and out-of-phase tilt of the unit cell between ±1° along the 〈103〉pc of the {103}pc, which softens the exchange coupling and leads to the faster alignment of the magnetization near the Curie temperature (TC). Stabilization of the orthorhombic phase of LSMO in the superlattices with both stacking orders is evidenced from the existence of anomaly around the TC of LSMO and SRO in the temperature-dependent phonon frequency shifts. Reduction in symmetry of LSMO from the rhombohedral to orthorhombic structure modulates the Mn–O–Mn bond length and angles, which induces the spin reorientations and hence, modifies the electronic and magnetic properties in these LSMO–SRO superlattices. The ΔSM of these superlattices suggest that the strain, magnitude of the magnetic field, volume and magnetization of the ferromagnet can control the magnetocaloric effect. These results will be useful for designing the magnetic entropy based devices to improve renewable energy systems.

Graphical abstract: Strain modulated magnetocaloric effect in (111) oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3–SrRuO3 superlattices

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Article information


Submitted
22 Jan 2020
Accepted
26 Jan 2020
First published
27 Jan 2020

Nanoscale, 2020,12, 5151-5158
Article type
Paper

Strain modulated magnetocaloric effect in (111) oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3–SrRuO3 superlattices

R. S. H., W. Prellier and P. Padhan, Nanoscale, 2020, 12, 5151
DOI: 10.1039/D0NR00620C

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