Broadband chiral hybrid plasmon modes on nanofingernail substrates†
There is significant interest in the utility of asymmetric nanoaperture arrays as substrates for the surface-enhanced detection, fluorescence, and imaging of individual molecules. This work introduces obliquely-cut, out-of-plane, coaxial layered structures on an aperture edge. We refer to these structures as nanofingernails, which emphasizes their curved, oblique, and out-of-plane features. Broadband coupling into chiral hybrid plasmon modes and helicity-dependent near-field scattering without circular dichroism are demonstrated. The unusually-broadband, multipolar modes of nanofingernail micropore structures exhibit phase retardation effects that may be useful for achieving spatial overlap at different frequencies. The nanofingernail geometry shows new potential for simultaneous polarization-enhanced hyperspectral imaging on apertured, plasmonic surfaces.