A high performance electroformed single-crystallite VO2 threshold switch†
Threshold switches (TSs) are an effective approach for resolving the sneak path problem within a memristor array. VO2 is a promising material for fabricating high-performance TSs. Here we report a single crystal VO2-based TS device with high switching performance. The single crystal monoclinic VO2 channel is obtained by electroforming in a composite vanadium oxide film consisting of VO2, V2O5 and V3O7. The formation mechanism on single crystal VO2 is thoroughly investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The single crystal VO2-based TS device exhibits better switching performance than the polycrystalline monoclinic VO2 counterpart. The TS device based on a single crystal channel with the (11) orientation exhibits a steep turn-on voltage slope of <0.5 mV dec−1, a fast switching speed of 23 ns, an excellent endurance over 109 cycles, a high Ion/Ioff ratio of 143 and a low sample-to-sample variance. The enhanced switching performance originates from the single crystal feature and specified crystal orientation.