Controllable growth of Au nanostructures onto MoS2 nanosheets for dual-modal imaging and photothermal–radiation combined therapy†
Multifunctional theranostic nanoagents are attractive to realize comprehensive imaging and effective treatment of tumours. Herein, a novel strategy is developed to controllably guide the epitaxial growth of gold nanostructures onto MoS2 nanosheets. The as-prepared MoS2–Au nanostructures (MA) manifest an enhanced near-infrared (NIR) absorbance with strong photostability. After modification, the obtained MA-PEG shows strong X-ray attenuation and photothermal conversion ability, promising for CT and photoacoustic imaging with an enhanced intensity in tumours. Moreover, in vivo photothermal and radiation therapy with MA-PEG achieves synergistic tumour treatment efficiency through hyperthermia elevated oxygenation level and sensitized radiation therapy. This work illustrates the development of a unique MA nanostructure with enhanced NIR absorbance and strong photoelectric absorbance as a multifunctional theranostic agent with great potential for dual-modal imaging-guided photothermal-radiation therapy of cancer.