Plasmonic bimetallic nanodisk arrays for DNA conformation sensing†
The integration of large-scale 2D bimetallic Ag/Au nanodisk arrays with gold nanoparticles is developed for sensing DNA conformation with the assistance of 3D finite-difference time-domain simulation. The optimized system comprising Ag/Au nanodisk arrays and gold nanoparticles offers a more than 6-fold enhancement in surface plasmon resonance shift, enabling the feasibility for sensitive DNA detection with a detection limit down to 100 femtomolar. Importantly, owing to the distance-dependent nature of the surface plasmon signal, sensitive differentiation of DNA conformations can be achieved with a conventional optical measurement. This platform could provide new exciting capabilities for a reliable, reproducible, and label-free assay analysis for investigating the conformations of DNA and other biological molecules.