Polydiacetylenic nanofibers as new siRNA vehicles for in vitro and in vivo delivery†
Polydiacetylenic nanofibers (PDA-Nfs) obtained by photopolymerization of surfactant 1 were optimized for intracellular delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). PDA-Nfs/siRNA complexes efficiently silenced the oncogene Lim-1 in the renal cancer cells 786-O in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of PDA-Nfs/siLim1 downregulated Lim-1 in subcutaneous tumor xenografts obtained with 786-O cells in nude mice. Thus, PDA-Nfs represent an innovative system for in vivo delivery of siRNAs.