Facile fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional bismuth(iii) sulfide nanosheets for high-performance photodetector applications under ambient conditions†
Two-dimensional (2D) bismuth(III) sulfide (Bi2S3) nanosheets as non-toxic graphene-like nanomaterials were successfully fabricated by a facile liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) method. A robust photodetector employing a Bi2S3 nanosheet film has been fabricated for the first time via a facile fabrication process on an ITO-coated glass. UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopy techniques were carried out and they confirmed the inherent optical and physical properties of Bi2S3 nanosheets. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) measurements demonstrate that a significantly higher photocurrent density (42 μA cm−2) and enhanced photoresponsivity (210 μA W−1), at a lower bias potential in alkaline solution, of the Bi2S3 nanosheet-based photodetector are achieved, compared with those of other 2D nanomaterial-based photodetectors under light irradiation. Furthermore, the as-prepared Bi2S3 nanosheet-based photodetector not only exhibits an appropriate capacity of self-driven broadband and high-performance photoresponse but also displays strong long-term stability of the ON/OFF switching behaviour without any external protection in alkaline solutions. Because of facile synthesis via a LPE method, a higher photocurrent density and photoresponsivity, self-driven performance and long-term stability of the Bi2S3 nanosheet-based photodetector at a lower bias potential in alkaline solutions, the present work can provide fundamental acknowledgement of the high performance of this new kind of PEC-type 2D nanosheet-based photodetector.