Tailoring the structures and photonic properties of low-dimensional organic materials by crystal engineering†
Low-dimensional organic materials have given rise to tremendous interest in optoelectronic applications, owing to their controllable photonic properties. However, the controlled-synthesis approaches for organic nano-/micro-architectures are very difficult to attain, because the weak interaction (van der Waals force) between the organic molecules cannot dominate the kinetic process of crystal growth. We report a simple method, which involves selective adhesion to the organic crystal plane by hydrogen-bonding interaction for modulating the crystal growth process, which leads either to the self-assembly of one organic molecule into two-dimensional (2D) microsheets with an obvious asymmetric light propagation or one-dimensional (1D) microrods with low propagation loss. The method of tailoring the structures and photonic properties for fabricating different micro-structures would provide enlightenment for the development of tailor-made mini-sized devices for photonic integrated circuits.