Synthesis of garlic skin-derived 3D hierarchical porous carbon for high-performance supercapacitors†
A three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbon is synthesized via a facile chemical activation route with garlic skin as the precursor and KOH as the activating agent. The as-obtained carbon presents a high specific surface area of 2818 m2 g−1 and a hierarchical porous architecture containing macroporous frameworks, mesopores (2–4 nm), and micropores (0.6–1.0 nm). As the electrode material for a supercapacitor, due to its unique interconnected porous structure, this garlic skin-derived carbon exhibits excellent electrochemical performance and cycling stability. At a current density of 0.5 A g−1, the capacitance is up to 427 F g−1 (162 F cm−3). Even at a high current density of 50 A g−1, the capacitance can be maintained to a high value of 315 F g−1 (120 F cm−3). After charging–discharging at a current density of 4.5 A g−1 for 5000 cycles, the capacitance retention is as high as 94%. The results suggest that this garlic skin-derived 3D hierarchical porous carbon is a promising electrode material for high-performance supercapacitors.
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