A graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network synthesized via alkyne metathesis†
The synthesis of graphyne has been considered challenging, especially when it comes to adopting new topologies and obtaining thinner layers. Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of a graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network via alkyne metathesis reactions, which resulted in a sp2/sp hybridized 2D thin film structure with a layer to layer distance of 0.37 nm. This graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network is an n-type semiconductor with a low work function of 3.9 eV and a reduction potential of −0.54 V vs. SHE, which could be applied as an excellent reducing agent for metal electroless deposition. In addition, this material has a narrow pore size distribution of 2 to 4 nm, a high surface area of 675 m2 g−1 and a large pore volume of 0.795 cm3 g−1 favoring gas adsorption. It shows the selective absorption of CO2 over N2 owing to the strong affinity between CO2 and the carbon–carbon triple bond.