One-pot synthesis of a ceria–graphene oxide composite for the efficient removal of arsenic species†
Arsenic contamination has posed a health risk to millions of people around the world. In this study, we describe a simple and facile one-step hydrothermal synthesis of a ceria–graphene oxide (ceria–GO) composite for the efficient removal of arsenic species. The prepared ceria–GO composite materials exhibited almost complete (over 99.99%) and quick removal of both arsenic species within 0.1 mg L−1 of the initial concentration. The calculated adsorption capacities were 185 mg g−1 for As(III) and 212 mg g−1 for As(V). It was found that Ce3+ is an active site and continuously adsorbs arsenic species; there is a concomitant change from Ce4+ to Ce3+ due to the solution redox environment. This increase in the Ce3+ concentration further facilitates the complete removal of arsenic species in solution. Thus our approach offers a promising potential for the treatment of arsenic-contaminated drinking water.