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Issue 4, 2017
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Bandgap tunable Csx(CH3NH3)1−xPbI3 perovskite nanowires by aqueous solution synthesis for optoelectronic devices

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Abstract

To date, all the lead halide based full-inorganic or organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites have been synthesized from organic solvent, such as N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), by a solution method. Herein, water has been utilized as a ‘green’ solvent to develop an efficient synthetic route to grow various kinds of lead halide perovskite nanowires (NWs). By controlling the proportion of the hybrid cations, Csx(CH3NH3)1−xPbI3 perovskite NWs were successfully synthesized. Every Csx(CH3NH3)1−xPbI3 perovskite NW demonstrated single crystal characteristics with uniform stoichiometric element distribution. Because of the controllable cation composition, the NW bandgaps could be finely tuned from 1.5 to 1.7 eV. Transient photoluminescence spectra showed superior NW quality when compared with those of the conventional DMF-based NWs. Based on the abovementioned high quality single Cs0.5(CH3NH3)0.5PbI3 perovskite NW, a reliable single-NW photodetector was fabricated to investigate the optoelectronic application. It demonstrated a responsivity of 23 A/W, exceeding most of the reported values in the perovskite nanowire photoconductive detectors, and the shot-noise normalized detectivity was 2.5 × 1011 Jones comparable to the parameters of the commercial silicon-based nanowires. The green and robust synthesis method, finely tunable NW bandgaps, and superior optoelectronic properties are expected to open a new door for the development of perovskite optoelectronic devices.

Graphical abstract: Bandgap tunable Csx(CH3NH3)1−xPbI3 perovskite nanowires by aqueous solution synthesis for optoelectronic devices

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Aug 2016, accepted on 15 Dec 2016 and first published on 20 Dec 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR06636D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 1567-1574

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    Bandgap tunable Csx(CH3NH3)1−xPbI3 perovskite nanowires by aqueous solution synthesis for optoelectronic devices

    D. Dong, H. Deng, C. Hu, H. Song, K. Qiao, X. Yang, J. Zhang, F. Cai, J. Tang and H. Song, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 1567
    DOI: 10.1039/C6NR06636D

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