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Issue 13, 2016
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Multicatalytic colloids with highly scalable, adjustable, and stable functionalities in organic and aqueous media

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Abstract

Despite a large number of developments of noble metal (or metal oxide) NP-based catalysts, it has been a great challenge to prepare high-performance recyclable catalysts with integrated functionalities that can be used in various solvent media. Here, we report on layer-by-layer (LbL) assembled multicatalysts with high catalytic performance, showing high dispersion and recycling stability in organic and aqueous media. The remarkable advantages of our approach are as follows. (i) Various metal or metal oxide NPs with desired catalytic performance can be easily incorporated into multilayered shells, forming densely packed arrays that allow one colloid to be used as a multicatalyst with highly integrated and controllable catalytic properties. (ii) Additionally, the dispersion stability of catalytic colloids in a desired solvent can be determined by the type of ultrathin outermost layer coating each colloid. (iii) Lastly, the covalent bonding between inorganic NPs and dendrimers within multilayer shells enhances the recycling stability of multicatalytic colloids. The resulting core–shell colloids including OA–Fe3O4 NPs, TOABr–Pd NPs, and OA–TiO2 NPs exhibited excellent performance in the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and photocatalysis in aqueous media and in the Sonogashira coupling reaction (99% yield) in organic media. Given that the catalytic properties of recyclable colloids reported to date have entirely depended on the functionality of a single catalytic NP layer deposited onto colloids in selective solvent media, our approach provides a basis for the design and exploitation of high-performance recyclable colloids with integrated multicatalytic properties and high dispersion stability in a variety of solvents.

Graphical abstract: Multicatalytic colloids with highly scalable, adjustable, and stable functionalities in organic and aqueous media

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Sep 2015, accepted on 12 Oct 2015 and first published on 19 Oct 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR06390F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 7000-7016

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    Multicatalytic colloids with highly scalable, adjustable, and stable functionalities in organic and aqueous media

    D. Kim, S. Cheong, Y. G. Ahn, S. W. Ryu, J. Kim and J. Cho, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 7000
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR06390F

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