Porous metallic MoO2-supported MoS2 nanosheets for enhanced electrocatalytic activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction†
Advanced materials for electrocatalytic water splitting are central to renewable energy research. In this work, MoS2 nanosheets supported on porous metallic MoO2 (MoS2/MoO2) were produced by sulfuration treatments of porous and highly conductive MoO2 for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Porous MoO2 with one-dimensional channel-like structures was prepared by calcination at elevated temperatures using phosphomolybdic acid as the precursor and mesoporous silica (SBA-15) as the template, and the subsequent hydrothermal treatment in the presence of thioacetamide led to the transformation of the top layers to MoS2 forming MoS2/MoO2 composites. Electrochemical studies showed that the obtained composites exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity for HER with an onset potential of −104 mV (vs. RHE), a large current density (10 mA cm−2 at −0.24 V), a small Tafel slope of 76.1 mV dec−1 and robust electrochemical durability. The performance might be ascribed to the high electrical conductivity and porous structures of MoO2 with one-dimensional channels of 3 to 4 nm in diameter that allowed for fast charge transport and collection.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Editor’s Choice: Nanomaterials for catalysis