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Issue 19, 2014
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Molecular signals regulating translocation and toxicity of graphene oxide in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

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Abstract

Both in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the toxic effects of graphene oxide (GO). However, the molecular basis for the translocation and toxicity of GO is still largely unclear. In the present study, we employed an in vivo Caenorhabditis elegans assay system to identify molecular signals involved in the control of the translocation and toxicity of GO. We identified 7 genes whose mutations altered both the translocation and toxicity of GO. Mutations of the hsp-16.48, gas-1, sod-2, sod-3, and aak-2 genes caused greater GO translocation into the body and toxic effects on both primary and secondary targeted organs compared with wild type; however, mutations of the isp-1 and clk-1 genes resulted in significantly decreased GO translocation into the body and toxicity on both primary and secondary targeted organs compared with wild-type. Moreover, mutations of the hsp-16.48, gas-1, sod-2, sod-3, and aak-2 genes caused increased intestinal permeability and prolonged mean defecation cycle length in GO-exposed nematodes, whereas mutations of the isp-1 and clk-1 genes resulted in decreased intestinal permeability in GO-exposed nematodes. Therefore, for the underlying mechanism, we hypothesize that both intestinal permeability and defecation behavior may have crucial roles in controlling the functions of the identified molecular signals. The molecular signals may further contribute to the control of transgenerational toxic effects of GO. Our results provide an important insight into understanding the molecular basis for the in vivo translocation and toxicity of GO.

Graphical abstract: Molecular signals regulating translocation and toxicity of graphene oxide in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 May 2014, accepted on 12 Jul 2014 and first published on 24 Jul 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR02688H
Citation: Nanoscale, 2014,6, 11204-11212

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    Molecular signals regulating translocation and toxicity of graphene oxide in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

    Q. Wu, Y. Zhao, Y. Li and D. Wang, Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 11204
    DOI: 10.1039/C4NR02688H

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