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Issue 19, 2013
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Dendritic Au/TiO2nanorod arrays for visible-light driven photoelectrochemical water splitting

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This paper describes the synthesis of TiO2 branched nanorod arrays (TiO2 BNRs) with plasmonic Au nanoparticles attached on the surface. Such Au/TiO2 BNR composites exhibit high photocatalytic activity in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. The unique structure of Au/TiO2 BNRs shows enhanced activity with a photocurrent of 0.125 mA cm−2 under visible light (≥420 nm) and 2.32 ± 0.1 mA cm−2 under AM 1.5 G illumination (100 mW cm−2). The obtained photocurrent is comparable to the highest value ever reported. Furthermore, the Au/TiO2 BNRs achieve the highest efficiency of ∼1.27% at a low bias of 0.50 V vs. RHE, indicating elevated charge separation and transportation efficiencies. The high PEC performance is mainly due to the plasmonic effect of Au nanoparticles, which enhances the visible light absorption, together with the large surface area, efficient charge separation and high carrier mobility of the TiO2 BNRs. The carrier density of Au/TiO2 BNRs is nearly 6 times higher than the pristine TiO2 BNRs as calculated by the Mott–Schottky plot. Based on the analysis by UV-Vis spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence, a mechanism was proposed to explain the high activity of Au/TiO2 BNRs in PEC water splitting. The capability of synthesizing highly visible light active Au/TiO2 BNR based photocatalysts is useful for solar conversion applications, such as PEC water splitting, dye-sensitized solar cells and photovoltaic devices.

Graphical abstract: Dendritic Au/TiO2 nanorod arrays for visible-light driven photoelectrochemical water splitting

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Supplementary files

Article information

28 May 2013
27 Jun 2013
First published
01 Jul 2013

Nanoscale, 2013,5, 9001-9009
Article type

Dendritic Au/TiO2 nanorod arrays for visible-light driven photoelectrochemical water splitting

F. Su, T. Wang, R. Lv, J. Zhang, P. Zhang, J. Lu and J. Gong, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 9001
DOI: 10.1039/C3NR02766J

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