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Issue 5, 2012
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Island nucleation, optical and ferromagnetic properties of vertically aligned secondary growth ZnO : Cu nanorod arrays

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Abstract

The paper reports an island nucleation and secondary growth of aligned ZnO : Cu nanorod arrays via thermal vapor phase transport. Results analysis indicates that the secondary segment is epitaxially grown on the ZnO : Cu nanorods with the radius strongly dependent on temperature and the concentration of zinc vapor. The modified characteristic radius (Rc) model is used to explain the nucleation and secondary growth process. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence spectra indicate that the band gap emission of the secondary growth nanorods is greatly restrained. A controversial 3.31 eV emission (A line) and two different donor–acceptor pair (DAP) recombinations at 3.24 eV and 2.48 eV are observed at 13 K. The A line shows a different behavior from the two DAP emissions during the heat-up process. Intrinsic room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) is observed in the secondary growth ZnO : Cu nanorods and it can be explained by oxygen vacancy and copper defects related to bound magnetic polar (BMP) or double exchange mechanism.

Graphical abstract: Island nucleation, optical and ferromagnetic properties of vertically aligned secondary growth ZnO : Cu nanorod arrays

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Nov 2011, accepted on 23 Dec 2011 and first published on 04 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2NR11768A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2012,4, 1627-1635

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    Island nucleation, optical and ferromagnetic properties of vertically aligned secondary growth ZnO : Cu nanorod arrays

    J. Huang, L. Zhu, L. Hu, S. Liu, J. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Yang, L. Sun, D. Li and Z. Ye, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 1627
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NR11768A

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