Halimane diterpenoids: sources, structures, nomenclature and biological activities†
Covering: 1970 to 2017
Diterpenes with a halimane skeleton constitute a small group of natural products that can be biogenetically considered as being between labdane and clerodane diterpenoids. Some of these compounds show biological activities, such as antitumour, mosquito repellency, germination inhibition and antimicrobial, as well as being biomarkers for tuberculosis. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reviews on these compounds. In this review, halimane skeleton diterpenoids are classified according to their biogenetic origin, characterization and/or the enzymes involved in their biosynthesis. Herein, a review of their synthesis or synthetic approaches is communicated.