Efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells with carbon quantum dots-doped PCBM electron transport layer†
Perovskite solar cells with a single light absorption heterojunction has demonstrated a power conversion efficiency of as high as 23.2% in the past few years. In this work, for the first time, we used quasi-spherical carbon quantum dots (CQDs)-doped PCBM film as the electron transporting layer of an inverted perovskite solar cell. The device structure is FTO/PEDOT:PSS/MAPbI3/PCBM:CQDs/BCP/Ag. The optimized PCE of 18.1% was achieved and a 13% enhancement was observed compared with those of pure PCBM-based devices. Various advanced characterizations including ultrafast spectroscopy, conductive atomic force microscopy, and electronic impedance spectroscopy elucidate that quasi-spherical CQD doping leads to enhanced electrical conductivity, electron mobility, and charge extraction efficiency. Moreover, we find that such CQD doping helps to prevent I− ions from undergoing interface diffusion and thus enhances the stability of solar cells.