Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2006
Previous Article Next Article

Hydrophilic block copolymer-directed growth of lanthanum hydroxidenanoparticles

Author affiliations

Abstract

Stable hairy lanthanum hydroxide nanoparticles were synthesized in water by performing hydrolysis and condensation reactions of lanthanum cations in the presence of double hydrophilic polyacrylic acid-b-polyacrylamide block copolymers (PAA-b-PAM). In the first step, the addition of asymmetric PAA-b-PAM copolymers (Mw,PAA < Mw,PAM) to lanthanum salt solutions, both at pH = 5.5, induces the formation of monodispersed micellar aggregates, which are predominantly isotropic. The core of the hybrid aggregates is constituted of a lanthanum polyacrylate complex whose formation is due to bidentate coordination bonding between La3+ and acrylate groups, as shown by ATR-FTIR experiments and pH measurements. The size of the micellar aggregates depends on the molecular weight of the copolymer but is independent of the copolymer to metal ratio in solution. In the second step, the hydrolysis of lanthanum ions is induced by addition of a strong base such as sodium hydroxide. Either flocculated suspensions or stable anisotropic or spherical nanoparticles of lanthanum hydrolysis products were obtained depending on the metal complexation ratio [acrylate]/[La]. The variation of that parameter also enables the control of the size of the core-corona nanoparticles obtained by lanthanum hydroxylation. The asymmetry degree of the copolymer was shown to influence both the size and the shape of the particles. Elongated particles with a high aspect ratio, up to 10, were obtained with very asymmetric copolymers (Mw,PAM/Mw,PAA ≥ 10) while shorter rice grain-like particles were obtained with a less asymmetric copolymer. The asymmetry degree also influences the value of the critical metal complexation degree required to obtain stable colloidal suspensions of polymer-stabilized lanthanum hydroxide.

Graphical abstract: Hydrophilic block copolymer-directed growth of lanthanum hydroxide nanoparticles

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
18 Nov 2005
Accepted
21 Dec 2005
First published
25 Jan 2006

New J. Chem., 2006,30, 399-408
Article type
Paper

Hydrophilic block copolymer-directed growth of lanthanum hydroxide nanoparticles

F. Bouyer, N. Sanson, M. Destarac and C. Gérardin, New J. Chem., 2006, 30, 399 DOI: 10.1039/B516368D

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements