Self-supported one-dimensional materials for enhanced electrochromism
A reversible, persistent electrochromic change in color or optical parameter controlled by a temporarily applied electrical voltage is attractive because of its enormous display and energy-related applications. Due to the electrochemical and structural advantages, electrodes based on self-supported one-dimensional (1D) nanostructured materials have become increasingly important, and their impacts are particularly significant when considering the ease of assembly of electrochromic devices. This review describes recent advances in the development of self-supported 1D nanostructured materials as electrodes for enhanced electrochromism. Current strategies for the design and morphology control of self-supported electrodes fabricated using templates, anodization, vapor deposition, and solution techniques are outlined along with demonstrating the influences of nanostructures and components on the electrochemical redox kinetics and electrochromic performance. The applications of self-supported 1D nanomaterials in the emerging bifunctional devices are further illustrated.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles