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Issue 2, 2019
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Correlation between the electronic/local structure and CO-oxidation activity of PdxRu1−x alloy nanoparticles

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Abstract

PdxRu1−x nanoparticles (NPs) were observed to display enhanced CO oxidation activity with the maximum performance obtained at the composition x = 0.5. To unveil the origin of this superior CO oxidation activity, we investigated the local structure, valence state, and electronic properties of PdxRu1−x NPs using synchrotron-based X-ray techniques. Site specific information obtained from X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy revealed that the local disorder around Pd and Ru atoms and their valence state can be systematically tuned by varying the Pd composition. Furthermore, the XAFS results indicated a strong correlation among the structural and valence state and the observed CO oxidation catalytic properties of PdxRu1−x NPs. Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) analysis suggested that the capability of CO oxidation requires an optimum balance between the adsorption and desorption energy for CO adsorption and eventually conversion to CO2. A comparison between the experimental valence band (VB) HAXPES spectra of PdxRu1−x NPs and the linear combination of VB HAXPES spectra of Pd and Ru NPs revealed that the charge transfer from Pd to Ru occurs in the PdxRu1−x alloy at intermediate compositions, causing electron enrichment of the Ru surface. In addition, the maximum red-shift in the edge-position relative to that of bulk Pd/Ru and high structural disorder were observed for the PdRu alloy at the intermediate composition. This coupled behavior of structure and electronic properties followed the experimental trend of CO oxidation activity in this system.

Graphical abstract: Correlation between the electronic/local structure and CO-oxidation activity of PdxRu1−x alloy nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Oct 2018, accepted on 10 Dec 2018 and first published on 19 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00305J
Citation: Nanoscale Adv., 2019,1, 546-553
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Correlation between the electronic/local structure and CO-oxidation activity of PdxRu1−x alloy nanoparticles

    C. Song, A. Tayal, O. Seo, J. Kim, Y. Chen, S. Hiroi, L. S. R. Kumara, K. Kusada, H. Kobayashi, H. Kitagawa and O. Sakata, Nanoscale Adv., 2019, 1, 546
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00305J

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