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Issue 1, 2019
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Polycrystalline to preferred-(100) single crystal texture phase transformation of yttrium iron garnet nanoparticles

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet (YIG) powders of different compositions, Y3−xCexFe5O12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2.0), were synthesized by a combination of sol–gel auto-combustion and solid-state synthesis techniques. The as-obtained powder samples were sintered at 1150 °C for 10 h. The garnet structure formation is confirmed by the X-ray diffraction pattern, which shows that the calculated lattice parameter increased for x = 1.0 and shows a decreasing trend for x ≥ 1.0 with the addition of cerium ions. The lattice parameter increased from 12.38 Å to 12.41 Å for x ≤ 1.0 whereas it decreased from 12.412 Å to 12.405 Å with the cerium composition for x > 1.0. The average particle size determined by high resolution transmission electron microscopy is in the range of 50 to 90 nm and found to increase with the substitution of cerium ions in YIG. The room temperature magnetic parameters such as saturation magnetization, coercivity and remanence magnetization are greatly affected by the substitution of cerium ions. The values of saturation magnetization decrease from 25.5 to 15 emu g−1 whereas coercivity increases from 1 to 28 Oe with the substitution of cerium ions. The pure YIG sample shows polycrystalline nature that changed towards a single-crystal structure leading to a preferred-(100) orientation with the Ce substitution. The change from a ring to a spotty pattern observed in SAED confirmed the crystalline phase transformation and is well supported by HRTEM and magnetic measurements. The behavior of magnetic and electrical properties is well supported by the poly- and single-crystalline nature of YIG and Ce-YIG, respectively. The crystal structure transformation in YIG brought about by Ce substitution could unveil enormous opportunities in the preparation of single-crystal materials from their polycrystalline counterparts.

Graphical abstract: Polycrystalline to preferred-(100) single crystal texture phase transformation of yttrium iron garnet nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Aug 2018, accepted on 14 Sep 2018 and first published on 17 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00123E
Citation: Nanoscale Adv., 2019,1, 403-413
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Polycrystalline to preferred-(100) single crystal texture phase transformation of yttrium iron garnet nanoparticles

    R. B. Borade, S. E. Shirsath, G. Vats, A. S. Gaikwad, S. M. Patange, S. B. Kadam, R. H. Kadam and A. B. Kadam, Nanoscale Adv., 2019, 1, 403
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00123E

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