Benzophenone: a ubiquitous scaffold in medicinal chemistry
The benzophenone scaffold represents a ubiquitous structure in medicinal chemistry because it is found in several naturally occurring molecules which exhibit a variety of biological activities, such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antiviral. In addition, various synthetic benzophenone motifs are present in marketed drugs. They also represent important ingredients in perfumes and can act as photoinitiators. This review will provide an overview of benzophenone moieties with medicinal aspects synthesized in the last 15 years and will cover the most potent molecule in each report. In this review, only benzophenones with substitutions on their aryl rings, i.e. diphenyl ketone analogues, have been covered.