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Issue 8, 2014
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Antifungal amphiphilic aminoglycosides

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The attachment of alkyl and other hydrophobic groups to traditional antibacterial kanamycins and neomycins creates amphiphilic aminoglycosides with altered antimicrobial properties. In this review, we summarize the discovery of amphiphilic kanamycins that are antifungal, but not antibacterial, and that inhibit the growth of fungi by perturbation of plasma membrane functions. With low toxicities against plant and mammalian cells, they appear to specifically target the fungal plasma membrane. These new antifungal agents offer new options for fighting fungal pathogens and are examples of reviving old drugs to confront new therapeutic challenges.

Graphical abstract: Antifungal amphiphilic aminoglycosides

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The article was received on 22 Feb 2014, accepted on 14 Apr 2014 and first published on 01 May 2014

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4MD00078A
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Citation: Med. Chem. Commun., 2014,5, 1048-1057

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    Antifungal amphiphilic aminoglycosides

    C.-W. T. Chang and J. Y. Takemoto, Med. Chem. Commun., 2014, 5, 1048
    DOI: 10.1039/C4MD00078A

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