We report here the design, synthesis, androgenic activity and anti-androgenic activity of novel derivatives of hexadecahedral 1,10-dicarba-closo-decaborane, which is generally called ten-vertex para-carborane. The synthesized compounds exhibited very high binding affinity for the androgen receptor and showed anti-androgenic activity toward the androgen-dependent SC-3 cell line. Two compounds also exhibited partial agonistic activity in SC-3 assay. The docking studies of carborane derivatives to AR demonstrate that ten-vertex carborane is useful for development of novel bioactive compounds as well as twelve-vertex carboranes that are well known to be versatile pharmacophores. Ten-vertex carborane, which has not previously been applied in the field of medicinal chemistry, appears to have potential as a hydrophobic pharmacophore with characteristic properties.
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