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Issue 4, 2012
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Impaired dynamics of the late endosome/lysosome compartment in human Niemann–Pick type C skin fibroblasts carrying mutation in NPC1 gene

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Abstract

The Niemann–Pick type C (NPC) disease is characterized by accumulation of lipids within the late endosome/lysosome (LE/LY) compartment as a result of dysfunctions of the NPC1 or NPC2 proteins and an altered distribution and/or functioning of proteins involved in the regulation of membrane dynamics. In our previous report we isolated membranes of the LE/LY compartment from NPC L1 skin fibroblasts with a mutation in the NPC1 gene (exon 8, R348X) and showed that annexin A6 (AnxA6) may contribute to the impaired dynamics of these membranes in a cholesterol-dependent manner and therefore to the overnormative storage of cholesterol. In this report we show that the LE/LY fraction isolated from NPC L1 cells is characterized by a 4-fold enrichment in cholesterol, 2.5-fold in sphingomyelin and 2-fold in saturated fatty acids. As a result, the fluidity of LE/LY membranes isolated from NPC L1 cells is greatly reduced in comparison to control ones. We conclude that modified lipid composition and properties of this compartment may affect distribution and function of proteins implicated in cellular membrane dynamics. As a consequence, the backward vesicular transport of cholesterol from the LE/LY compartment to the Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum and finally to plasma membrane is impaired.

Graphical abstract: Impaired dynamics of the late endosome/lysosome compartment in human Niemann–Pick type C skin fibroblasts carrying mutation in NPC1 gene

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Oct 2011, accepted on 05 Jan 2012 and first published on 27 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2MB05447G
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2012,8, 1197-1205

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    Impaired dynamics of the late endosome/lysosome compartment in human Niemann–Pick type C skin fibroblasts carrying mutation in NPC1 gene

    M. E. Sztolsztener, A. Dobrzyn, S. Pikula, A. Tylki-Szymanska and J. Bandorowicz-Pikula, Mol. BioSyst., 2012, 8, 1197
    DOI: 10.1039/C2MB05447G

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