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Issue 11, 2010
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Urinary metabonomics study in a rat model in response toprotein-energy malnutrition by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

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Abstract

Systematic studies were performed on the biological perturbations in metabolic phenotype responding to protein-energy malnutrition through global metabolic profiling analysis, in combination with pattern recognition. The malnutrition rat model was established through five weeks of strict diet restriction, and the metabonome data obtained from gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were integrated to approximate the comprehensive metabolic signature. Principal component analysis and orthogonal projection to latent structure analysis were used for the classification of metabolic phenotypes and discovery of differentiating metabolites. The perturbations in the urine profiles of malnourished rats were marked by higher levels of creatine, threitol, pyroglutamic acid, gluconic acid and kynurenic acid, as well as decreased levels of succinic acid, cis-aconitic acid, citric acid, isocitric acid, threonic acid, trimethylglycine, N-methylnicotinic acid and uric acid. The alterations in these metabolites were associated with perturbations in energy metabolism, carbohydrate, amino acid, and fatty acid metabolism, purine metabolism, cofactor and vitamin metabolism, in response to protein and energy malnutrition. Our findings show the integration of GC-MS and LC-MS techniques for untargeted metabolic profiling analysis was promising for nutriology.

Graphical abstract: Urinary metabonomics study in a rat model in response to protein-energy malnutrition by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 May 2010
Accepted
14 Jul 2010
First published
17 Aug 2010

Mol. BioSyst., 2010,6, 2157-2163
Article type
Paper

Urinary metabonomics study in a rat model in response to protein-energy malnutrition by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

Z. Wu, M. Li, C. Zhao, J. Zhou, Y. Chang, X. Li, P. Gao, X. Lu, Y. Li and G. Xu, Mol. BioSyst., 2010, 6, 2157
DOI: 10.1039/C005291D

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