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Issue 9, 2009
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Enhancing the utility of unnatural amino acidsynthetases by manipulating broad substrate specificity

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Abstract

Many unnatural amino acidsynthetases have been evolved to enable the site-specific in vivo incorporation of many useful functionalities into proteins. While these unnatural amino acid-tRNA synthetase–tRNACUA pairs do not incorporate endogenous amino acids, their substrate specificity has not been assessed for other unnatural amino acids. Here we demonstrate that the unnatural synthetases can be permissive to many unnatural amino acid substrates. The utility of unnatural synthetases can be further expanded by manipulating the synthetase active sites by mutagenesis. Here we have also shown that an L-2-naphthylalanine synthetase can be converted into a permissive L-4-benzoylphenylalanine synthetase with a single mutation without compromising fidelity. Permissive unnatural amino acidsynthetases should significantly expand the tool set available for manipulation of proteins.

Graphical abstract: Enhancing the utility of unnatural amino acidsynthetases by manipulating broad substrate specificity

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
26 Feb 2009
Accepted
15 Apr 2009
First published
28 May 2009

Mol. BioSyst., 2009,5, 1032-1038
Article type
Paper

Enhancing the utility of unnatural amino acidsynthetases by manipulating broad substrate specificity

A. L. Stokes, S. J. Miyake-Stoner, J. C. Peeler, D. P. Nguyen, R. P. Hammer and R. A. Mehl, Mol. BioSyst., 2009, 5, 1032
DOI: 10.1039/B904032C

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