Role of glucose in the repair of cell membrane damage during squeeze distortion of erythrocytes in microfluidic capillaries†
The rapid development of portable precision detection methods and the crisis of insufficient blood supply worldwide has led scientists to study mechanical visualization features beyond the biochemical properties of erythrocytes. Combined evaluation of currently known biochemical biomarkers and mechanical morphological biomarkers will become the mainstream of single-cell detection in the future. To explore the mechanical morphology of erythrocytes, a microfluidic capillary system was constructed in vitro, with flow velocity and glucose concentration as the main variables, and the morphology and ability of erythrocytes to recover from deformation as the main objects of analysis. We showed the mechanical distortion of erythrocytes under various experimental conditions. Our results showed that glucose plays important roles in improving the ability of erythrocytes to recover from deformation and in repairing the damage caused to the cell membrane during the repeated squeeze process. These protective effects were also confirmed in in vivo experiments. Our results provide visual detection markers for single-cell chips and may be useful for future studies in cell aging.