Integrated microfluidic pumps and valves operated by finger actuation†
Here, we report an integrated operation of microfluidic pumps and valves only by finger actuation. As the working principle of the finger-actuated microfluidic pumps includes deflection of the poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) membrane, the pneumatic valves for controlling the flow direction can be easily integrated with the pumps. Using a single button, the flow path can be determined and flow generation can be achieved. We also verified the integrated operation of finger-actuated pumps and valves by demonstrating nucleic acid purification.