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Issue 3, 2016
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A microfluidic method for dopamine uptake measurements in dopaminergic neurons

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Abstract

Dopamine (DA) is a classical neurotransmitter and dysfunction in its synaptic handling underlies many neurological disorders, including addiction, depression, and neurodegeneration. A key to understanding DA dysfunction is the accurate measurement of dopamine uptake by dopaminergic neurons. Current methods that allow for the analysis of dopamine uptake rely on standard multiwell-plate based ELISA, or on carbon-fibre microelectrodes used in in vivo recording techniques. The former suffers from challenges associated with automation and analyte degradation, while the latter has low throughput and is not ideal for laboratory screening. In response to these challenges, we introduce a digital microfluidic platform to evaluate dopamine homeostasis in in vitro neuron culture. The method features voltammetric dopamine sensors with limit of detection of 30 nM integrated with cell culture sites for multi-day neuron culture and differentiation. We demonstrate the utility of the new technique for DA uptake assays featuring in-line culture and analysis, with a determination of uptake of approximately ∼32 fmol in 10 min per virtual microwell (each containing ∼200 differentiated SH-SY5Y cells). We propose that future generations of this technique will be useful for drug discovery for neurodegenerative disease as well as for a wide range of applications that would benefit from integrated cell culture and electroanalysis.

Graphical abstract: A microfluidic method for dopamine uptake measurements in dopaminergic neurons

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Dec 2015, accepted on 18 Dec 2015 and first published on 04 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5LC01515D
Lab Chip, 2016,16, 543-552

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    A microfluidic method for dopamine uptake measurements in dopaminergic neurons

    Y. Yu, M. H. Shamsi, D. L. Krastev, M. D. M. Dryden, Y. Leung and A. R. Wheeler, Lab Chip, 2016, 16, 543
    DOI: 10.1039/C5LC01515D

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