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Issue 4, 2012
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Quick genotyping detection of HBV by giant magnetoresistive biochip combined with PCR and line probe assay

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Abstract

Genotyping of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be used to direct clinically effective therapeutic drug-selection. Herein we report that a quick genotyping method for human HBV was established by a specially designed giant magnetoresistive (GMR) biochip combined with magnetic nanoclusters (MNCs), PCR and line probe assay. Magnetic nanoclusters of around 180 nm in diameter were prepared and modified with streptavidin, and resultant streptavidin-modified magnetic nanoclusters were used for capturing biotin-labeled hybrid products on the detection interface of the sensor. The gene fragments of HBV’s B and C gene types were obtained by PCR based on a template of B- and C-type plasmids. After gene fragments were hybridized with captured probes, streptavidin-modified magnetic nanoclusters could bind with biotin-conjugated gene fragments, and the resultant hydride products could be quickly detected and distinguished by the GMR sensor, with a detection sensitivity of 200 IU mL−1 target HBV DNA molecules. The novel method has great potential application in clinical HBV genotyping diagnosis, and can be easily extended to other biomedical applications based on molecular recognition.

Graphical abstract: Quick genotyping detection of HBV by giant magnetoresistive biochip combined with PCR and line probe assay

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 Oct 2011
Accepted
05 Dec 2011
First published
06 Jan 2012

Lab Chip, 2012,12, 741-745
Article type
Paper

Quick genotyping detection of HBV by giant magnetoresistive biochip combined with PCR and line probe assay

X. Zhi, Q. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Feng and D. Cui, Lab Chip, 2012, 12, 741
DOI: 10.1039/C2LC20949G

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