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Issue 13, 2009
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Microfluidics for cryopreservation

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Minimizing cell damage throughout the cryopreservation process is critical to enhance the overall outcome. Osmotic shock sustained during the loading and unloading of cryoprotectants (CPAs) is a major source of cell damage during the cryopreservation process. We introduce a microfluidic approach to minimize osmotic shock to cells during cryopreservation. This approach allows us to control the loading and unloading of CPAs in microfluidic channels using diffusion and laminar flow. We provide a theoretical explanation of how the microfluidic approach minimizes osmotic shock in comparison to conventional cryopreservation protocols viacell membrane transport modeling. Finally, we show that biological experiments are consistent with the proposed mathematical model. The results indicate that our novel microfluidic-based approach improves post-thaw cell survivability by up to 25% on average over conventional cryopreservation protocols. The method developed in this study provides a platform to cryopreserve cells with higher viability, functionality, and minimal inter-technician variability. This method introduces microfluidic technologies to the field of biopreservation, opening the door to future advancements at the interface of these fields.

Graphical abstract: Microfluidics for cryopreservation

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Supplementary files

Article information

24 Dec 2008
12 Mar 2009
First published
31 Mar 2009

Lab Chip, 2009,9, 1874-1881
Article type

Microfluidics for cryopreservation

Y. S. Song, S. Moon, L. Hulli, S. K. Hasan, E. Kayaalp and U. Demirci, Lab Chip, 2009, 9, 1874
DOI: 10.1039/B823062E

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