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Issue 4, 2004
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A microfluidic device to confine a single cardiac myocyte in a sub-nanoliter volume on planar microelectrodes for extracellular potential recordings

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Abstract

A hybrid chip is described which combines a microfluidic network fabricated in a silicone elastomer (PDMS) with planar microelectrodes. It was used to measure extracellular potentials from single adult murine cardiac myocytes in a restricted extracellular space. The recorded variations in the extracellular potentials were caused by transmembrane currents associated with spontaneously initiated intracellular calcium waves. Single cells were trapped inside the 100 pl microchamber by pressure gradients and maintained for several hours by continuous perfusion. In addition, the localized delivery of drugs to a portion of the cell was demonstrated. The impedance of the electrodes was reduced by a factor of 10 to 20 after the electrodeposition of platinum black. Biopotentials recorded from single cells with platinum black electrodes showed a three-fold decrease in the noise, resulting in a maximum signal-to-noise ratio of 15:1. Characteristic variations in the frequency and shape of the extracellular potentials were observed among different cells which are most likely due to differences in the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ load. Our device architecture permits the integration of electrochemical and optical sensors for multiparameter recordings.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Dec 2003, accepted on 08 Apr 2004 and first published on 12 May 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B315648F
Citation: Lab Chip, 2004,4, 357-362

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    A microfluidic device to confine a single cardiac myocyte in a sub-nanoliter volume on planar microelectrodes for extracellular potential recordings

    A. A. Werdich, E. A. Lima, B. Ivanov, I. Ges, M. E. Anderson, J. P. Wikswo and F. J. Baudenbacher, Lab Chip, 2004, 4, 357
    DOI: 10.1039/B315648F

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