Measurement of density and chemical concentration using a microfluidic chip
A new microfluidic product for measuring fluid density, specific gravity and chemical concentration has been developed. At the core of this lab-on-a-chip sensor is a vacuum-sealed resonating silicon microtube. Measurements can be made with under a microliter of sample fluid, which is over 1000× less than is conventionally required. Since the product is MEMS-based the overall system size is a fraction of conventional density meters and it weighs much less than the traditional desk-top, temperature controlled, density meters. The syringe or pipette loaded system includes a dynamic temperature control system that operates between 0 °C and 90 °C with an accuracy of less than 0.01 °C. Density measurement accuracies of 4 to 5 digits have been observed with aqueous solutions. Measurement examples and applications will be discussed.