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Issue 45, 2011
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New nanoplatform based on Gd2O2S:Eu3+ core: synthesis, characterization and use for in vitro bio-labelling

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Abstract

The synthesis of Gd2O2S:Eu3+ nanoparticles (NPs), from hydroxycarbonate precursor precipitation followed by sulfuration in a H2S/Ar atmosphere at 750 °C; is reported. It is the first time that the size of Gd2O2S:Eu3+ NPs can be finely tuned from 60 nm to more than 200 nm by controlling the precipitation medium, the maturation time and the sulfuration route. The oxysulfide Gd2O2S:Eu3+ NPs emit strong red luminescence at 624 nm when excited by near UV (363 nm) or by X-rays. They may thus be considered as nano-phosphors and nano-scintillators. Then, the surface of oxysulfide NPs has been modified by an amino-silica or by a mesoporous silica shell (thickness 10–15 nm). The luminescence intensity of europium in gadolinium oxysulfide NPs has been maintained in the amino-silica coated particles Gd2O2S:Eu3+@SiO2-APTMS, whereas it has been significantly enhanced in the mesoporous silica coated Gd2O2S:Eu3+@mSiO2. This versatile new nanoplatform can be easily internalized in living NIH3T3 mouse cells. It is not cytotoxic up to 1 mg mL−1 and can be easily imaged by epifluorescence microscopy with excitation in the NUV. Consequently this spherical monodispersed Gd2O2S:Eu3+ nanophosphor could be considered as a very promising new fluorescent probe for bio-labelling, better than the corresponding oxide or fluoride nanoparticles.

Graphical abstract: New nanoplatform based on Gd2O2S:Eu3+ core: synthesis, characterization and use for in vitro bio-labelling

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Article information


Submitted
25 Jul 2011
Accepted
13 Sep 2011
First published
18 Oct 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 18365-18372
Article type
Paper

New nanoplatform based on Gd2O2S:Eu3+ core: synthesis, characterization and use for in vitro bio-labelling

Sèmiyou. A. Osseni, S. Lechevallier, M. Verelst, C. Dujardin, J. Dexpert-Ghys, D. Neumeyer, M. Leclercq, H. Baaziz, D. Cussac, V. Santran and R. Mauricot, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 18365
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM13542B

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