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Issue 46, 2011
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Monolayer graphene/NiO nanosheets with two-dimension structure for supercapacitors

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Abstract

In this paper, graphene oxide (GO) synthesized from the modified Hummer method is used directly to fabricate unique two-dimension graphene/NiO composite material. Nickel ions are adsorbed on both sides of GO based on self-assembly by the electrostatic interactions of two species, forming the monolayer graphene/NiO sheet. The as-prepared composite is characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, SEM, TEM, Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) analysis and nitrogen adsorption/desorption. The results demonstrate that the NiO nanoparticles (5–7 nm) is uniformly dispersed on the surface of graphene, which greatly increases the surface area of the composite (134.5 m2 g−1). This two-dimensional structure enhances supercapacitive performance with a high specific capacitance of 525 F g−1 at a current density of 200 mA g−1. A capacity retention of 95.4% can be maintained after 1000 cycles, suggesting its promising potential in supercapacitors.

Graphical abstract: Monolayer graphene/NiO nanosheets with two-dimension structure for supercapacitors

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Article information


Submitted
30 Jun 2011
Accepted
15 Sep 2011
First published
24 Oct 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 18792-18798
Article type
Paper

Monolayer graphene/NiO nanosheets with two-dimension structure for supercapacitors

B. Zhao, J. Song, P. Liu, W. Xu, T. Fang, Z. Jiao, H. Zhang and Y. Jiang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 18792
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM13016A

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