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Issue 32, 2011
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Polymerization of polycarbosilanes in high internal phase emulsions for the synthesis of macroporous silicon carbidecatalysts (polyHIPE-SiC)

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Abstract

A new method for the preparation of macroporous silicon carbide using a polyHIPE approach is presented (polyHIPE = polymerized High Internal Phase Emulsion). A liquid preceramic precursor is copolymerized with styrene and the crosslinker divinylbenzene in different ratios and two different initiators. The resulting PCS-co-Sty-co-DVB-polyHIPEs are pyrolysed at 1300 °C under argon atmosphere. Macroporous SiC-polyHIPEs are formed with specific surface areas up to 167 m2 g−1. Mercury porosimetry shows the presence of macropores with a pore radius between 200 and 2000 nm and total porosities between 36 and 94%. One SiC-polyHIPE is functionalized with cerium nitrate to form CeO2-SiC-polyHIPEs with varying ceria contents. These SiC-supported ceria show catalytic activity in the temperature programmed oxidation of methane, lowering the onset temperature by 366 K.

Graphical abstract: Polymerization of polycarbosilanes in high internal phase emulsions for the synthesis of macroporous silicon carbide catalysts (polyHIPE-SiC)

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Article information


Submitted
10 Feb 2011
Accepted
01 Jun 2011
First published
12 Jul 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 11936-11940
Article type
Paper

Polymerization of polycarbosilanes in high internal phase emulsions for the synthesis of macroporous silicon carbide catalysts (polyHIPE-SiC)

R. Frind, M. Oschatz and S. Kaskel, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 11936
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM10612K

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