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Issue 25, 2010
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Oxide-catalyzed growth of Ag2O/Zn2SnO4 hybrid nanowires and their reversible catalytic ambient ethanol/oxygen detection

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Abstract

Large scale hybrid nanowires consisting of Zn2SnO4 periodic nanowires and Ag2O nanoparticles on both nanowire surfaces and tips have been successfully synthesized at 650 °C using a unique one-step silver oxide catalyzed vapor-solid-solid (VSS) growth process. The single crystal Zn2SnO4 nanowires mainly grew along the [1[1 with combining macron]3] direction with three major morphologies including straight linear, L-shape, and radiative sparse. Two-dimensional nucleation and periodic ledge growth processes were proposed to be responsible for the Zn2SnO4 periodical nanowire formation. These Ag2O/Zn2SnO4 hybrid nanowires were responsive to ethanol at ∼150 °C upon ∼150 ppm ethanol pulses, with one order of magnitude electrical conductivity decrease. This surprising decrease might be triggered by ethanol pulses associated with Ag2O nanoparticles on nanowire surfaces and electrode-nanowire film interfaces, leading to a catalytic activation of ambient oxygen detection. Ar plasma treatment on the nanowire surface inversely leads to conductivity increase upon ethanol pulses, which suggests a successful plasma removal of catalytic Ag2O and oxygen ions, therefore enabling the detection of ethanol molecules, instead of ambient oxygen. This reversible catalytic ambient ethanol/oxygen detection mechanism enabled by the hybrid nanowire configurations could provide a new path for designing smart gas detection devices compatible with multiple-transient-gas detection.

Graphical abstract: Oxide-catalyzed growth of Ag2O/Zn2SnO4 hybrid nanowires and their reversible catalytic ambient ethanol/oxygen detection

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Article information


Submitted
29 Jan 2010
Accepted
18 Mar 2010
First published
11 May 2010

J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 5265-5270
Article type
Paper

Oxide-catalyzed growth of Ag2O/Zn2SnO4 hybrid nanowires and their reversible catalytic ambient ethanol/oxygen detection

W. Cai, P. Shimpi, D. Jian and P. Gao, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 5265
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00200C

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