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Issue 46, 2009
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A novel hybrid supercapacitor with a carbon nanotube cathode and an iron oxide/carbon nanotube composite anode

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Abstract

A scalable spray deposition technique has been adopted to the fabrication of a flexible nanostructured hybrid supercapacitor based on thin film multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) cathodes and hematite (α-Fe2O3)/MWNT composite anodes. On the basis of the total weight of the binder-free MWNT and α-Fe2O3/MWNT thin film composite electrodes, the hybrid supercapacitor provided a very high specific energy density of 50 Wh kg−1 at a specific power density of 1000 W kg−1 over the potential range 0–2.8 V, which was an energy density 8 times that of identically prepared symmetric supercapacitors with MWNT only electrodes under the same conditions. The superior electrochemical performance of the hybrid supercapacitor arrangement can be attributed to the incorporation of MWNTs into the α-Fe2O3 anodes, which leads to a decrease of internal resistance and an improvement in both the ion diffusion behaviour and the integrity of the α-Fe2O3 containing films.

Graphical abstract: A novel hybrid supercapacitor with a carbon nanotube cathode and an iron oxide/carbon nanotube composite anode

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Article information


Submitted
18 May 2009
Accepted
15 Sep 2009
First published
07 Oct 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 8755-8760
Article type
Paper

A novel hybrid supercapacitor with a carbon nanotube cathode and an iron oxide/carbon nanotube composite anode

X. Zhao, C. Johnston and P. S. Grant, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 8755
DOI: 10.1039/B909779A

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