We have recently reported that “luminescent” SixGe1−x can be electrodeposited from 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([Py1,4]Tf2N) at room temperature. Interestingly, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([EMIm]Tf2N) ionic liquid delivers a germanium-rich SixGe1−x showing also a quantum-size effect, as revealed in the present study. These results led us to evaluate the possibility of obtaining high quality SixGe1−xnanowires from two different ionic liquids by the simple and inexpensive template-assisted electrochemical pathway. Herein, we report for the first time on the room temperature template synthesis of SixGe1−xnanowires by potentiostatic electrochemical deposition from the air- and water-stable ionic liquids [Py1,4]Tf2N and [EMIm]Tf2N containing (each) GeCl4 and SiCl4 as precursors. As a first step, a commercially available track-etched polycarbonate membrane (PC) with an average nominal pore diameter of 90 nm was used as template. SixGe1−xnanowires with an average diameter corresponding to the nanopores' diameter and lengths of 1 to 2.5 µm were reproducibly obtained. [EMIm]Tf2N delivers longer SixGe1−xnanowires than [Py1,4]Tf2N under the same parameters and reaction conditions. Characterization of the nanowires was performed by EDX and HR-SEM.
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