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Issue 39, 2009
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Template-assisted electrodeposition of SixGe1−xnanowires with varying length and composition from two different ionic liquids

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Abstract

We have recently reported that “luminescent” SixGe1−x can be electrodeposited from 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([Py1,4]Tf2N) at room temperature. Interestingly, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([EMIm]Tf2N) ionic liquid delivers a germanium-rich SixGe1−x showing also a quantum-size effect, as revealed in the present study. These results led us to evaluate the possibility of obtaining high quality SixGe1−xnanowires from two different ionic liquids by the simple and inexpensive template-assisted electrochemical pathway. Herein, we report for the first time on the room temperature template synthesis of SixGe1−xnanowires by potentiostatic electrochemical deposition from the air- and water-stable ionic liquids [Py1,4]Tf2N and [EMIm]Tf2N containing (each) GeCl4 and SiCl4 as precursors. As a first step, a commercially available track-etched polycarbonate membrane (PC) with an average nominal pore diameter of 90 nm was used as template. SixGe1−xnanowires with an average diameter corresponding to the nanopores' diameter and lengths of 1 to 2.5 µm were reproducibly obtained. [EMIm]Tf2N delivers longer SixGe1−xnanowires than [Py1,4]Tf2N under the same parameters and reaction conditions. Characterization of the nanowires was performed by EDX and HR-SEM.

Graphical abstract: Template-assisted electrodeposition of SixGe1−xnanowires with varying length and composition from two different ionic liquids

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Article information


Submitted
11 May 2009
Accepted
07 Aug 2009
First published
21 Aug 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 7228-7231
Article type
Paper

Template-assisted electrodeposition of SixGe1−xnanowires with varying length and composition from two different ionic liquids

R. Al-Salman and F. Endres, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 7228
DOI: 10.1039/B909265J

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