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Issue 27, 2009
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Lowering interfacial chemical reactivity of oxide materials for lithium batteries. A molecular grafting approach

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Abstract

This paper proposes a molecular grafting approach as a way to modify the interfacial chemical reactivity of oxide materials, which is detrimental to their long-term energy storage properties. The present study demonstrates that diazonium chemistry offers an efficient path to graft molecules at the surface of a powder oxide material. Indeed, surface derivatization of Li1.1V3O8 nanograins was accomplished by in situ electrografting of a diazonium salt during Li-ion intercalation. The results show that aryl molecules are strongly bonded to the surface forming an organic multilayer the thickness of which can be modulated. Based on TEM, XPS and electrochemical probing of the surface reactivity, the results demonstrate the interest of the proposed surface modifications as a way to tailor both electrochemical and chemical reactivities of oxide electrode materials. Interestingly, charge transfer at the surface of the material is not impeded, while electrolyte decomposition is inhibited. It is anticipated that molecular derivatization of electrode surfaces is a new research direction which will be developed in the field of battery science in the near future, in order to prevent targeted side reactions occurring at different steps of battery manufacturing and use, such as storage, electrode processing, simple contact with electrolyte, and cycling.

Graphical abstract: Lowering interfacial chemical reactivity of oxide materials for lithium batteries. A molecular grafting approach

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Article information


Submitted
22 Jan 2009
Accepted
20 Apr 2009
First published
26 May 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 4771-4777
Article type
Paper

Lowering interfacial chemical reactivity of oxide materials for lithium batteries. A molecular grafting approach

F. Tanguy, J. Gaubicher, A. Gaillot, D. Guyomard and J. Pinson, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 4771
DOI: 10.1039/B901387C

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