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Issue 3, 1996
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Novel composite organic–inorganic semiconductor sensors for the quantitative detection of target organic vapours

Abstract

Composites of tin dioxide (an n-type semiconductor) and derivatives of the conducting polymer polypyrrole (a p-type semiconductor) gave reversible changes in electrical resistance at room temperature when exposed to a range of organic vapours. The optimum amount of polymer giving highest sensitivity was found by experiment to be 2.5% by mass for the polypyrrole chloride-tin dioxide composite. Composites containing 2.5% polymer by mass but differing in polymer derivative, were fabricated and exposed to low concentrations of ethanol, methanol, acetone, methyl acetate and ethyl acetate. All were found to give significant and reversible decreases in electrical resistance. Direct comparison with sensors constructed solely of tin dioxide or polypyrrole at room temperature showed the composites to be more sensitive. The gas sensitivity of the composite materials depended on the type of polymer derivative incorporated and the dopant anion associated with the polymer. The composites were simple to fabricate and gave differing response profiles to a range of organic vapours.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/JM9960600289
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 1996,6, 289-294

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    Novel composite organic–inorganic semiconductor sensors for the quantitative detection of target organic vapours

    B. P. J. de Lacy Costello, P. Evans, R. J. Ewen, C. L. Honeybourne and N. M. Ratcliffe, J. Mater. Chem., 1996, 6, 289
    DOI: 10.1039/JM9960600289

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