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Issue 18, 2019
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Synthesis of spiro[2,3-dihydrofuran-3,3′-oxindole] derivatives via a multi-component cascade reaction of α-diazo esters, water, isatins and malononitrile/ethyl cyanoacetate

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Abstract

We report a green synthesis of spiro[2,3-dihydrofuran-3,3′-oxindole] derivatives which are of potential value in medicinal chemistry. We are able to access spiro[2,3-dihydrofuran-3,3′-oxindole] derivatives via a Cu(OTf)2-catalyzed or Cu(OTf)2/Rh2(OAc)4-cocatalyzed multi-component cascade reaction of α-diazo esters, water, isatins and malononitrile/ethyl cyanoacetate. The reaction can be accomplished in good to excellent yields (60–99%), and the structure of products 6a and 6k was supported by X-ray crystallography. The catalyst Cu(OTf)2 can be recycled 4 times without a sharp loss of the yield of 6a. 6q can be easily synthesized in gram scale. In brief, the reaction is characterized by step economy, a harmless solvent, and a recyclable catalyst.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of spiro[2,3-dihydrofuran-3,3′-oxindole] derivatives via a multi-component cascade reaction of α-diazo esters, water, isatins and malononitrile/ethyl cyanoacetate

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Article information


Submitted
27 May 2019
Accepted
09 Aug 2019
First published
13 Aug 2019

Green Chem., 2019,21, 4936-4940
Article type
Communication

Synthesis of spiro[2,3-dihydrofuran-3,3′-oxindole] derivatives via a multi-component cascade reaction of α-diazo esters, water, isatins and malononitrile/ethyl cyanoacetate

T. Shi, S. Teng, Y. Wei, X. Guo and W. Hu, Green Chem., 2019, 21, 4936
DOI: 10.1039/C9GC01751H

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